Zimbabwean doctors at public hospitals went on strike for the second time this year to demand better pay and conditions, a union official said, as President Emmerson Mnangagwa's government struggles with a deteriorating economy.
The southern African nation is short of United States dollars, the currency it adopted in 2009, causing price spikes and shortages of basic goods, medicines, and fuel.
Mathabisi Bebhe, secretary general of the Zimbabwe Hospital Doctors Association, which represents more than 1 000 members, said on Monday that most junior doctors at the five major hospitals had downed tools to protest over pay, allowances and drugs' shortages.
More than half of public sector doctors joined the indefinite strike, he said.
With hospitals already short of drugs and reliant on patients to buy them, local pharmacies are no longer accepting insurance policies for purchases, instead demanding US dollars in cash. When using bank cards, prices are at least three times higher.
"We are understaffed and underpaid and there are no medications in the hospitals," Bebhe said.
"We are really hopeful that the government will intervene as early as possible. The duration of the industrial action depends on when the government gives a proper practical solution."
Government officials did not comment on the issue on Monday. The government previously said doctors should present their grievances while at work and has relied on military doctors to help at state hospitals during strikes
At United Bulawayo Hospitals in the city of Bulawayo, senior doctors were only taking care of emergency cases after closing the outpatient department, according to a notice to staff.
In March, the doctors went on strike and won an increase in pay and allowances, ending the first big labour dispute Mnangagwa faced since taking power.
But doctors were still struggling to survive, Bebhe said, after prices of basic goods rose by at least 300% since October. Annual inflation was 20.85% that month, the first time it has hit double digits in a decade.
The doctors, who earn a basic monthly salary of about $385 before allowances, are also pressing the government to raise on-call allowances by 25% to $10 an hour paid in cash